Use a ladder safely.
The FACTS: What you need to KNOW
The Actions: What you need to DO
Check the ladder to make sure it meets ANSI standards and is in good, usable condition. Check the load limit. If it's not strong enough or there is any damage, don't use it.
Make sure the ladder is on a firm, level surface and is secured or has slip-resistant feet. If it's self-supporting (leaning against something, not a stepladder), make sure it's at the correct angle.
When climbing, face the ladder and use one or both hands to grasp it. Don't carry an object that might cause you to lose your balance and fall.
Never stand on the top step or rung of a ladder. If you are using the ladder to climb onto an upper level, it needs to be at least 3 feet above the landing surface.